Febr. In der Major League Baseball, der US-amerikanischen Profiliga, werden pro Spiel neun Innings gespielt, die voll ausgespielt werden, auch. Juli Die höchste Klatsche im modernen Baseball Witzig die Tatsache dass Baltimore bis zum 4ten Inning mit in Führung lag, so kanns gehen. Ein Spielabschnitt heißt Inning und besteht aus zwei Half Innings In der US- amerikanischen Major League Baseball.
Varje lag har ett stort antal reservpitchers som kan komma in och ersätta startern. I tidigare inningar kallas reserven "middle reliever", det vill säga avbytare i mellaninningarna.
Det finns även vissa specialister som kan komma in och bara möta en enda slagman. Startern spelar normalt var femte match. Reserverna kan spela en inning per match flera matcher i rad.
Pitchern kan ibland överraskande kasta bollen till en medspelare nära basen som försöker bränna löparen innan han hinner tillbaka till basen. Bränns löparen kallas det caught stealing.
Uppställningen gäller när matchen startar. Riktigt bra lag som har flera riktigt duktiga slagmän sätter dem efter varandra hellre än att sprida ut dem.
En match i baseboll döms av en till sex domare. Vanligast i professionell baseboll är att matchen leds av fyra domare.
Vidare finns det en domare vid varje bas, som mest bedömer om en spelare är bränd eller inne safe. För det tyska rockabillybandet, se The Baseballs.
För bollen, se baseboll boll. Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik. In baseball, by contrast, every player is more or less on his own Baseball is therefore a realm of complete transparency and total responsibility.
A baseball player lives in a glass house, and in a stark moral universe Everything that every player does is accounted for and everything accounted for is either good or bad, right or wrong.
Cricket is more similar to baseball than many other team sports in this regard: There is no statistical equivalent in cricket for the fielding error and thus less emphasis on personal responsibility in this area of play.
Unlike those of most sports, baseball playing fields can vary significantly in size and shape. The most famously idiosyncratic outfield boundary is the left-field wall at Boston's Fenway Park , in use since Similarly, there are no regulations at all concerning the dimensions of foul territory.
Thus a foul fly ball may be entirely out of play in a park with little space between the foul lines and the stands, but a foulout in a park with more expansive foul ground.
These variations can make the difference between a double and a triple or inside-the-park home run. While the adjacent image shows a traditional field surfacing arrangement and the one used by virtually all MLB teams with naturally surfaced fields , teams are free to decide what areas will be grassed or bare.
Surface variations can have a significant effect on how ground balls behave and are fielded as well as on baserunning.
Similarly, the presence of a roof seven major league teams play in stadiums with permanent or retractable roofs can greatly affect how fly balls are played.
The area out-of-bounds on a football or soccer field does not affect play the way foul territory in baseball does, so variations in that regard are largely insignificant.
These physical variations create a distinctive set of playing conditions at each ballpark. Other local factors, such as altitude and climate, can also significantly affect play.
A given stadium may acquire a reputation as a pitcher's park or a hitter's park, if one or the other discipline notably benefits from its unique mix of elements.
The most exceptional park in this regard is Coors Field , home of the Colorado Rockies. A team that plays in a park with a relatively short right field, such as the New York Yankees , will tend to stock its roster with left-handed pull hitters , who can best exploit it.
On the individual level, a player who spends most of his career with a team that plays in a hitter's park will gain an advantage in batting statistics over time—even more so if his talents are especially suited to the park.
Organized baseball lends itself to statistics to a greater degree than many other sports. Each play is discrete and has a relatively small number of possible outcomes.
In the late 19th century, a former cricket player, English-born Henry Chadwick of Brooklyn , was responsible for the "development of the box score , tabular standings, the annual baseball guide, the batting average , and most of the common statistics and tables used to describe baseball.
The Official Baseball Rules administered by MLB require the official scorer to categorize each baseball play unambiguously. The rules provide detailed criteria to promote consistency.
The score report is the official basis for both the box score of the game and the relevant statistical records. Certain traditional statistics are familiar to most baseball fans.
The basic batting statistics include: The basic baserunning statistics include: The basic pitching statistics include: The basic fielding statistics include: Among the many other statistics that are kept are those collectively known as situational statistics.
For example, statistics can indicate which specific pitchers a certain batter performs best against. If a given situation statistically favors a certain batter, the manager of the fielding team may be more likely to change pitchers or have the pitcher intentionally walk the batter in order to face one who is less likely to succeed.
Sabermetrics refers to the field of baseball statistical study and the development of new statistics and analytical tools. The term is also used to refer directly to new statistics themselves.
The growing popularity of sabermetrics since the early s has brought more attention to two batting statistics that sabermetricians argue are much better gauges of a batter's skill than batting average: Writing in , philosopher Morris Raphael Cohen described baseball as America's national religion.
Scholar Peter Bjarkman describes "how deeply the sport is ingrained in the history and culture of a nation such as Cuba, [and] how thoroughly it was radically reshaped and nativized in Japan.
The major league game in the United States was originally targeted toward a middle-class, white-collar audience: With the rise in popularity of other team sports with much higher average ticket prices—football, basketball, and hockey—professional baseball had become among the most blue-collar-oriented of leading American spectator sports.
Overall, baseball has a large following in the United States; a poll found that nearly half of Americans are fans.
Total NPB attendance for the year was approximately 20 million. While in the preceding two decades, MLB attendance grew by 50 percent and revenue nearly tripled, the comparable NPB figures were stagnant.
There are concerns that MLB's growing interest in acquiring star Japanese players will hurt the game in their home country. Similarly, according to one official pronouncement, the sport's governing authority "has never taken into account attendance As of [update] , Little League Baseball oversees leagues with close to 2.
A varsity baseball team is an established part of physical education departments at most high schools and colleges in the United States. Today, high school baseball in particular is immensely popular there.
The tournaments are known, respectively, as Spring Koshien and Summer Koshien after the 55,capacity stadium where they are played.
Talented children as young as seven are sent to special district schools for more intensive training—the first step on a ladder whose acme is the national baseball team.
Baseball has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the United States and elsewhere. Dozens of English-language idioms have been derived from baseball ; in particular, the game is the source of a number of widely used sexual euphemisms.
Baseball has inspired many works of art and entertainment. One of the first major examples, Ernest Thayer 's poem " Casey at the Bat ", appeared in A wry description of the failure of a star player in what would now be called a "clutch situation", the poem became the source of vaudeville and other staged performances, audio recordings, film adaptations, and an opera, as well as a host of sequels and parodies in various media.
Robinson ", and John Fogerty 's " Centerfield ". Six decades later, Time named it the best comedy routine of the 20th century.
Kinsella 's Shoeless Joe the source for Field of Dreams. Among the celebrated nonfiction books in the field are Lawrence S. The publication of major league pitcher Jim Bouton 's tell-all chronicle Ball Four is considered a turning point in the reporting of professional sports.
Baseball has also inspired the creation of new cultural forms. Baseball cards were introduced in the late 19th century as trade cards.
A typical example featured an image of a baseball player on one side and advertising for a business on the other.
In the early s they were produced widely as promotional items by tobacco and confectionery companies. The s saw the popularization of the modern style of baseball card, with a player photograph accompanied on the rear by statistics and biographical data.
Baseball cards—many of which are now prized collectibles—are the source of the much broader trading card industry, involving similar products for different sports and non-sports-related fields.
Modern fantasy sports began in with the invention of Rotisserie League Baseball by New York writer Daniel Okrent and several friends.
Participants in a Rotisserie league draft notional teams from the list of active MLB players and play out an entire imaginary season with game outcomes based on the players' latest real-world statistics.
Rotisserie-style play quickly became a phenomenon. Now known more generically as fantasy baseball , it has inspired similar games based on an array of different sports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Baseball ball.
For other uses, see Baseball disambiguation. For old time baseball, see Vintage base ball. Baseball rules and Outline of baseball.
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